Most gardeners face insects in their vegetable garden from time to time, and they usually aren’t that big of a deal. But, sometimes pest is being to an unacceptable level and the little buggers they cause more than mere aesthetic damage. Here are some guide on how to prevent garden insects.
Encourage Healthy Soil
A healthy soil makes healthy plants with strong immune systems, which is plants are better able to fight off diseases and pests. Healthy soils feed and shelter beneficial soil life.
Natural fertilizers will help to build a healthy soil. Try to use seaweed and fish fertilizer, used this once a month it can activate soil microbes.
Choose Resistant Varieties
One of an easy step is choose a plant varieties that are naturally resistant to pests. Seed catalogs list variation that are known for resistance. Like, tromboncino squash appears to be more resistant to pests than other summer squash.
Plant in the Right Place
Reserve plants that requires full sun for full sun areas. Plant crops according to their water needs. If a crop need more water to stay healthy, grow plant in an area that stays moist longer.
Crops may harm less than ideal conditions for a time, but eventually the stress may weaken them and they can succumb to pests. Planting in the right place is one of easy step toward preventing garden from insects.
Attract Beneficial Insects
Beneficial insects prey on pests, and they will come to your garden in search of shelter, nectar and pollen. They encourage them to stick around by growing flowers that meet their needs.
Provide some beneficial insects with habitat and nearby they will lay their eggs to grow an army. Beneficial insect patrols are one of key in preventing garden insects.
Having a strong-scented herbs plant, it can deter pests when planted among or near the vegetables. This is a super easy way to prevent insects in garden. Plant strong-scented, perennial herbs at the edge such as calendula, coriander, and garlic.
Crop rotation confuses pests, it will lessen their concentration in specific areas, and helps you manage soil fertility.
Leave 2 to 3 years between planting members of the same crop family in a specific area. However, if a crop is overcome by insects, don’t plant it in that spot for at least 2 years. You may plant a cover crop to allow that area to rest for a season. This step is hard to take in preventing garden pests, but your patience will pay off.
Practice Inter Planting
Inter planting means alternating particular crops, flowers and herbs to confuse insects. Insects enjoy monocrops, which is why industrial farms are always heavily sprayed with pesticides. Instead of monocrops, try to alternate rows of vegetables with rows of beneficial insect-attracting and pest-repelling flowers and herbs
Use Floating Row Covers
Summer-weight row cover gave water and light to penetrate while keeping insects out. You may need to use floating row cover over young plants until established. Weigh down the sides with some heavy objects like rocks or bricks. Make sure to lift the cover for a few hours every morning to let pollinators in.
Create Permanent Walkways
Permanent pathways will encourage beneficial insects while temporary pathways that are tilled each year will destroy them and their habitat.
The type of pathway material you will use is depend on your particular situation. Having permanent pathways will allow you to have permanent beds where you can continue to assemble fertility over time. Better fertility can, however, support your garden’s resistance to catching an insects.
Found a Few Pests? Leave Them Be
Having a few insects is actually a good thing. Seems having the opposite of the desired effect, but without a few insects’ baits, the beneficial insects that dine on them wouldn’t stick around! Beneficial insects are attracted to the gardens that have their favorite foods.
Handle An Outbreak
When a few insects turn into more insects, you must remove infested plants to keep the damage from spreading. Try to start back at first guide above and work through the prevention tactics.